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WHO GLUED THE DEMJANJUK PHOTOGRAPH TO TRAWNIKI CARD 1393?
by Lubomyr Prytulak

First posted on   www.xoxol.org/traw/photo.html   19-Mar-2010 05:18pm PST,  last revised 21-Sep-2010 09:27pm PST


Considerations discussed under the following eight headings combine to indicate that the Demjanjuk photograph was glued to Trawniki Card 1393 not by the German military during WWII but by KGB forgers well after the war at a time when the Kremlin began taking an interest in framing John Demjanjuk for Nazi war crimes.

    1  CONFUSION  THE KGB HAS BETRAYED CONFUSION AS TO WHAT PHOTOGRAPH BELONGS TO TRAWNIKI CARD 1393
    2   HOLES  THE PHOTOGRAPH IS PUNCTURED BY A PAIR OF STAPLE HOLES
    3   BENEATH  THE KREMLIN CONCEALS WHAT LIES BENEATH THE PHOTOGRAPH
    4   DOUBLE  THE FORGER'S DILEMMA THEOREM EXPLAINS DOUBLE-STAMPING
    5   SOLVENT  BLEACH-THROUGH OPPOSITE THE DEMJANJUK PHOTOGRAPH WAS CREATED BY GLUE SOLVENT
    6   IRREGULAR  DEMJANJUK PHOTO-OVERLAPPING STAMPS ARE IRREGULAR
    7   AGEJEWS  DEMJANJUK 1393 PARALLELS AGEJEWS 1653
    8   RIFE  JUCHNOWSKIJ 847 DEMONSTRATES THAT THE TRAWNIKI CARDS ARE RIFE WITH EVIDENCE OF FORGERY
  CONCLUSION    CONCLUSION


Top    CONFUSION  HOLES  BENEATH  DOUBLE  SOLVENT  IRREGULAR  AGEJEWS  RIFE  CONCLUSION 


(1) THE KGB HAS BETRAYED CONFUSION AS TO WHAT PHOTOGRAPH BELONGS TO TRAWNIKI CARD 1393

Trawniki Card 1393 is commonly published as shown below, with the photograph of John Demjanjuk attached to the inside surface of the card:

MUNICH VERSION OF TRAWNIKI CARD 1393
OUTSIDE SURFACE INSIDE SURFACE
John Demjanjuk Trawniki ID Card, outside surface

The highly-significant two white labels and dark mirror-image soak-throughs to the opposite surface have been discussed at FORGED AND OBLITERATED.  The bleach-through visible above, located mirror-image to the photograph which is on the opposite surface, will be discussed further below.  The high-resolution Munich original of the above outside surface is available here.

John Demjanjuk Trawniki ID Card, inside surface

The proper location for the photograph is the one that is shown above occupied by the photograph of John Demjanjuk.  The high-resolution Munich original of the above is available here.

MOLOD UKRAINY VERSION OF TRAWNIKI CARD 1393
OUTSIDE SURFACE
 

John Demjanjuk Trawniki ID Card, outside surface of Molod Ukrainy Version

In addition to showing a photograph of somebody other than John Demjanjuk and in the wrong location, the Molod Ukrainy version also manages to conceal the final three lines of MGB translator Bazilevskaya's handwritten notation.  Molod Ukrainy did not publish an image of the inside surface.

However, our faith that the John Demjanjuk photo is inexorably tied to Trawniki Card 1393 is shaken by the image on the left, which appeared in the Kiev-published Soviet periodical Molod Ukrainy (Ukrainian Youth) of 30-Apr-1986 under the title UPYR ZHYV U KLIVLENDI (THE VAMPIRE LIVED IN CLEVELAND).  Trawniki Card 1393 is presented in Molod Ukrainy not only with a photograph different from the one of John Demjanjuk conventionally shown, but even a photograph of someone other than John Demjanjuk.

But how is it possible for Trawniki Card 1393 together with the Demjanjuk photo to have been first published in 1977, and yet for Molod Ukrainy nine years later, in 1986, to publish an image of the same card but with the photo of an unknown person?  The only explanation that comes to mind is that the KGB had begun preparing its case against John Demjanjuk before 1977, at a time when the fabrication of Trawniki Card 1393 remained incomplete, and when the KGB was not sure what John Demjanjuk looked like.  Pre-1977, then, images of the Trawniki ID Card may have been circulated with the wrong photo attached, or without any photo attached but several photos among which it was hoped would be the final one loose within the same envelope or folder, and these early versions remained in various scattered files even after the official 1977 publication tied the John Demjanjuk photo to the card irrevocably.  The Molod Ukrainy slip-up, then, might have resulted from Molod Ukrainy staff retrieving such a pre-1977 envelope or folder without being aware that its contents had been supplanted and its conclusions antiquated.

But even if we are able only to guess at the explanation behind the Molod Ukrainy riddle, we are left with a fundamental recognition that the tie between card and Demjanjuk photo is flimsier than might have been supposed.

The Molod Ukrainy riddle is one of many surrounding Trawniki Card 1393 that the Kremlin knows the answer to and that Munich-trial observers look forward to hearing explained by Kremlin representatives in the course of the Munich trial.


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(2) THE PHOTOGRAPH IS PUNCTURED BY A PAIR OF STAPLE HOLES

As can be seen immediately below, the photograph on the Trawniki Card has two holes to the right of John Demjanjuk's face, which may be staple holes.  There are no corresponding holes in the card itself.  One possible interpretation of these observations is that the Demjanjuk photograph was removed from some other document to which it had been stapled, and then had been glued to the Trawniki Card.  Of the two photographs on the other three Munich-Version Trawniki Cards (the Bondarenko photo is missing), neither of the two has staple holes (see Juchnowskij and Wolembachow), suggesting that prior stapling of a photo to some other document was not a usual procedure in creating a Trawniki Card.

What that other document was to which the Demjanjuk photograph may have been stapled, and who performed the transfer of the photograph from that other document, and when and where and why — these are among the questions that today's successors to the KGB may feel an obligation to explain to the Munich court.

Staple holes in the John Demjanjuk photograph on Trawniki ID Card 1393


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(3) THE KREMLIN CONCEALS WHAT LIES BENEATH THE PHOTOGRAPH

The two staple holes in the photograph had at one time contained what appeared to be purple ink resembling the ink used by MGB translator Z. Bazilevskaya to write her Russian translations on the card, and which is the purple ink visible in the handwriting on the right in the image above.  On 06-Nov-1987 in Jerusalm, defense expert witness Julius Grant removed some of the purple material from the upper hole and compared it to a sample of ink from Bazilevskaya's Russian notation, and observed a "dark patch separation" when he viewed the two in "short wave length ultra violet light", and from this concluded that the two inks were similar.  At that time, the bottom hole did not contain purple ink, said Julius Grant, because it "had already been examined by someone else".

Yet another thing that the Kremlin might be expected to explain to the Munich court, then, is how Z. Bazilevskaya's ink made its way into the staple holes.

One possible answer is that Bazilevskaya — or somebody else using purple ink — wrote something on the back of the photo, during which writing the ink line happened to run over each of the two staple holes, and so the ink seeped through the holes to the front of the photo.  Not compellingly plausible, but at least a remote possibility, and who can come up with a better guess?  In any case, not so implausible that professional document examiner Julius Grant recoiled from entertaining it.  The question begs to be answered merely by taking a look at the back of the photo, and one senses that there must be something written there from the Israeli prosecution and judiciary refusing to let the defense look, in evidence of which can be taken the attempt of Jerusalem Judge Zvi Tal to get Julius Grant to agree to the non sequitur that because the staple holes were punched in from the front of the card, the ink must also have been applied from the front, such that ink in the staple holes provides no justification for wanting to look at the back of the card, in which exchange Grant seems for a moment to acquiesce to the judicial arm-twisting, but ends by reaffirming that the ink could have seeped in from the back of the photo after all.

H.J. TAL:  However I understood that the top hole which you examined was inward, into the paper — not upwards.

A:  It was in the form of a crater and I was just about to add that when you spoke.

H.J. TAL:  In other words the substance which looks like ink came from the top, not from the bottom?

A:  From the top of the staple, no.

H.J. TAL:  Whether it's a staple or a pen, it came from the top into the photograph, rather than coming from the bottom of the photograph upwards.

A:  I think so.

H.J. TAL:  Therefore I'm asking what would be the point of examining the back of the photograph as far as the color is concerned.  In any event the color comes from the top.

In other words, either the staple had some color on it, or whoever did the Russian writing put the pen there — in any event the color came from the top, rather than from the bottom — not from the back of the photograph?

A:  One possibility is that there is writing on the back.


Trial Transcript, 11-Nov-1987, p. 9741

However plausible or implausible the hypothesis of ink-writing on the back seeping into the staple holes, one might nevertheless wonder whether there is anything written on the back of the photo, or on the card underneath the photo, that might be probative, some notation indicative of the origin of the photo, something pertinent to the authenticity of the card, and during the Jerusalem trial the defense repeatedly expressed frustration at not being allowed to examine the back of the photo.

I feel that if it was possible to remove the photograph, one might clear up a lot of these controversial points.  But I can't talk about things that I haven't done.  (p. 9624)


I do not know, I could probably tell if I could see the back of the photograph.  (p. 9732)
No I haven't, but as I have already said, I think another explanation might well be revealed if one could see what was on the back of this photograph.  (p. 9740)

Julius Grant, Trial Transcript, Jerusalem, 10-Nov-1987.

Phoenix attorney William J. Wolf is dumbfounded at the sight of the defense being forbidden to look underneath the photo:

I have criticized the three-judge panel for refusing to allow the defense document expert, William Flynn, to examine the underside of the photograph contained on the alleged Trawniki identity card, and for other rulings.  As a lawyer, I see it as absolutely incredible that in a capital case a defense expert would not be allowed to do whatever testing he deems appropriate to test the authenticity of the evidence.


William J. Wolf, This is the road I wish to travel, Ukrainian Weekly, 23-Oct-1988.


And now we in 2010 must be as dumbfounded as was William J. Wolf in 1988, because it seems that the defense has still not been allowed a look at the back of the photograph, and never will be.  The key to verifying Trawniki Card 1393 may lie underneath the photo, and yet the persecutors continue to assert that the photo may not be removed.

It must be emphasized that it is not the case that everybody is ignorant of what lies underneath the photo.  The reality is that the prosecution has seen what lies underneath the photo, and the prosecution has decided that the defense must be kept from seeing the same thing, which can be inferred from the photograph having earlier been observed to be loose, and at a later time observed to have been tightly re-glued:

Mr. Epstein:  [...]  One, the examination that I performed in 1981, of the photograph, at that time, when I examined it, the photograph was loose enough to move with your hand, so that you could get some sort of play into the photograph.  And as such, this is the examination that I conducted, and with this type of movement I was able to correctly allign the seal so that there was exact allignment.  In my 1987 examination after I returned to Israel, or when I came to Israel, and examined the photograph, I found that the photograph was very firmly affixed so that it could not be moved.


Trial Transcript, 11-May-1987, pp. 5873-5874.  All errors are in the original.

This concealment of evidence by the prosecution invites the inference that the information concealed undermines the position taken by the prosecution.  As the evidence in question lies underneath the photo, perhaps even on the back of the photo, concealment of the evidence particularly strengthens the inference that the evidence being hidden is that the photo does not belong to the card on which it is today glued.

If we were to venture a best guess as to exactly what is hidden underneath the Demjanjuk photo, what might that guess be?  Perhaps we can do no better than to propose as our guess what has been observed in the past to lie underneath Trawniki Card photos, concerning which we have very little evidence, but we do have some.  Two cards lack photos altogether (Kartaschew 1185 and Bondarenko 1926), and in the case of Kartaschew 1185, something is written on the card underneath where the photo should be (see p. 10/10 in the pdf file, and which is reproduced in the image below), and consulting the translation (see p. 6/10 in the pdf file) informs us that what is written is "foto nyet" meaning "no photo" followed by an illegible signature.  We are able, then, to sum up by saying that the secrecy invoked by John Demjanjuk persecutors concerning what lies underneath the Demjanjuk photograph leads us to hypothesize that it is something which discredits the authenticity of the card, and the precedent of Kartaschew 1185 leads us to hypothesize more precisely that the something that may be written on the card underneath the Demjanjuk photo is "foto nyet", which would confirm that at one time the KGB lacked a photo for Trawniki Card 1393.
Karataschew Trawniki ID Card 1185 showing FOTO NYET where the photograph should be

Top    CONFUSION  HOLES  BENEATH  DOUBLE  SOLVENT  IRREGULAR  AGEJEWS  RIFE  CONCLUSION 


(4) THE FORGER'S DILEMMA THEOREM EXPLAINS DOUBLE-STAMPING

Double-Stamping of a Photograph is Highly Irregular and Possibly Prohibited and Invalidating

Available reproductions of the inside surfaces of Trawniki Cards, which are the surfaces to which bearer photographs are supposed to be attached, total 47.  Of these forty-seven inside surfaces, the number of stamps per photograph ranges from zero to two, with the frequency distribution tabled immediately below, as can be verified from the raw data shown below the table.  That is, four photographs appear to have no stamp at all overlapping the photograph (Wutke 862, Kutschnijtschuk 1123, Rjasanow 2077, Ben 4417), although it is possible that in the first three of these cases, a faint stamp may have been present on the Trawniki Card, but disappeared in low-quality pdf reproductions which happened to be particularly bright.  Forty-two cards show one stamp per photograph.  And only a single card — Demjanjuk 1393 — exhibits two stamps on its photograph.

A few details which will be helpful to anyone wishing to verify the findings presented here, but otherwise inessential, are as follows.  The four high-resolution-with-color cards shown in the top row below are also available in pdf format, but are not shown again in the black-white pdf section underneath the top row.  The Golub 619 pdf did not reproduce the inside surface of the card — the surface on which the photograph lies — and so shows Stamps=? in the array below, and therefore is not included in the frequency table.  Although two photographs are missing from their card (Bondarenko 1926 and Kartaschew 1185), the stamp fragment left behind on the card in each case nevertheless informs us that a single stamp had been applied to each of the missing photographs, which in the case of Kartaschew 1185 can be confirmed by glancing at the image immediately above, and which can be confirmed for both cases by locating their images in the array immediately below.  Perhaps the faintest of the pdf images of photograph areas is that of the Ribak 2246, and yet its single stamp can be discerned toward the lower-left.

Stamps per photo      Frequency  
Zero   4
One 42
Two   1

TOTAL

47
 

It would appear that one stamp per photo is the norm, with zero stamps indicating merely that a card has for one reason or another failed to achieve the desired norm.  It may be reasonable, furthermore, to regard two stamps per photo as not only strikingly deviant, but as prohibited and as invalidating the card, for the same reason that

  • a second signature written above or below the first would be prohibited and would invalidate the card, or
  • a second photograph glued or stapled anywhere to the card would be prohibited and would invalidate the card, or
  • a second stamp to the left of the Streibel signature on the outside surface of the card would be prohibited and would invalidate the card.

    And now that we have seen not only how strikingly deviant, but also possibly prohibited and invalidating, are the Demjanjuk photograph's two stamps, we find ourselves wondering how they could have originated, a question that will be addressed immediately below the presentation of the data which permits the reader to verify the count in the table above.  Main links in the first row below connect to the high-resolution-with-color inside surface of each card, which is the surface to which the photograph is glued, and the pdf link just to the right of the main link connects to the low-resolution, black-white, pdf versions which are useful because they often include English translations of both the German and the Russian that is on the card.  Links in the black-white rows beneath the first row connect to the pdf versions of each of 44 cards, the only versions supplied by the Kremlin for these cards, and in which pdf versions the photograph areas can be inspected in larger size than shown below.

    Forty-Eight Photograph-areas of Trawniki Cards
    Juchnowski Trawniki ID Card 847 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Juchnowskij 847   pdf   Stamps=1
    Wolembachow Trawniki ID Card 1211 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Wolembachow 1211   pdf   Stamps=1
    Demjanjuk Trawniki ID Card 1393 showing an impermissible two stamps overlapping the photograph
    Demjanjuk 1393   pdf   Stamps=2
    Bondarenko Trawniki ID Card 1926 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Bondarenko 1926   pdf   Stamps=1
    Gontscharuk Trawniki ID Card 303 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Gontscharuk 303   Stamps=1
    Kirelacha Trawniki ID Card 415 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Kirelacha 415   Stamps=1
    INSIDE SURFACE NOT PROVIDED
    Golub 619   Stamps=?
    Jarosch Trawniki ID Card 749 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Jarosch 749   Stamps=1
    Wutke Trawniki ID Card 862 showing no stamp overlapping the photograph
    Wutke 862   Stamps=0
    Babenko Trawniki ID Card 869 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Babenko 869   Stamps=1
    Daniltschenko Trawniki ID Card 1016 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Daniltschenko 1016   Stamps=1
    Titow Trawniki ID Card 1040 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Titow 1040   Stamps=1
    Kutschnijtschuk Trawniki ID Card 1123 showing no stamp overlapping the photograph
    Kutschnijtschuk 1123   Stamps=0
    Karataschew Trawniki ID 1185 Card showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Kartaschew 1185   Stamps=1
    Sidortschuk Trawniki ID Card 1329 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Sidortschuk 1329   Stamps=1
    Tkatschuk Trawniki ID Card 1333 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Tkatschuk 1333   Stamps=1
    Kabirow Trawniki ID Card 1337 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Kabirow 1337   Stamps=1
    Odartschenko Trawniki ID Card 1573 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Odartschenko 1573   Stamps=1
    Agejews Trawniki ID Card 1653 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Agejews 1653   Stamps=1
    Bandarenko Trawniki ID Card 1759 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Bandarenko 1759   Stamps=1
    Gamaschow Trawniki ID Card 1991 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Gamaschow 1991   Stamps=1
    Slowjagin Trawniki ID Card 1999 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Slowjagin 1999   Stamps=1
    Butenko Trawniki ID Card 2059 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Butenko 2059   Stamps=1
    Schtscherbinin Trawniki ID Card 2061 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Schtscherbinin 2061   Stamps=1
    Rjasanow Trawniki ID Card 2077 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Rjasanow 2077   Stamps=0
    Djatschuk Trawniki ID Card 2091 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Djatschuk 2091   Stamps=1
    Swesdun Trawniki ID Card 2112 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Swesdun 2112   Stamps=1
    Polijuchno Trawniki ID Card 2128 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Polijuchno 2128   Stamps=1
    Ribak Trawniki ID Card 2246 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Ribak 2246   Stamps=1
    Solanchukow Trawniki ID Card 2537 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Solanchukow 2537   Stamps=1
    Sajnakow Trawniki ID Card 2633 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Sajnakow 2633   Stamps=1
    Masuk Trawniki ID Card 3183 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Masuk 3183   Stamps=1
    Turjanski Trawniki ID Card 3213 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Turjanski 3213   Stamps=1
    Sydorak Trawniki ID Card 3312 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Sydorak 3312   Stamps=1
    Pidletentschuk Trawniki ID Card 3323 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Pidletentschuk 3323   Stamps=1
    Kobylezkyj Trawniki ID Card 3349 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Kobylezkyj 3349   Stamps=1
    Popeliuk Trawniki ID Card 3427 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Popeliuk 3427   Stamps=1
    Nahorniak Trawniki ID Card 3440 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Nahorniak 3440   Stamps=1
    Szkurhan Trawniki ID Card 3443 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Szkurhan 3443   Stamps=1
    Melnitschuk Trawniki ID Card 3555 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Melnitschuk 3555   Stamps=1
    Dziombak Trawniki ID Card 3594 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Dziombak 3594   Stamps=1
    Kuryliw Trawniki ID Card 3596 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Kuryliw 3596   Stamps=1
    Kuschnir Trawniki ID Card 3659 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Kuschnir 3659   Stamps=1
    Moros Trawniki ID Card 3683 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Moros 3683   Stamps=1
    Tschornopyskij Trawniki ID Card 3684 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Tschornopyskij 3684   Stamps=1
    Ostafijtschuk Trawniki ID Card 3695 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Ostafijtschuk 3695   Stamps=1
    Chwalink Trawniki ID Card 4188 showing a single stamp overlapping the photograph
    Chwalink 4188   Stamps=1
    Ben Trawniki ID Card 4417 showing no stamps overlapping the photograph
    Ben 4417   Stamps=0

    The Forger's Dilemma Theorem Explains How a Trawniki Card Can Acquire Two Stamps

    In a hypothetical case of a forger transferring a photo from one document to another, the diagram below illustrates how he may be forced to give the photo two stamps in its new location even when all authentic documents bear only a single stamp.

    In the diagram below, then, blue circles represent stamps which overlap both the photos and the documents to which the photos are glued.  The black rectangle around each photo is the box printed on the document to indicate where the photo is to be positioned.  We imagine a forger wishing to transfer the Demjanjuk photo from an imaginary driver's license to the Juchnowskij Trawniki Card.  We assume that the forger has some method of removing glued photographs, as perhaps by dissolving their glue.  The reality that he has to work around is that ink from a rubber stamp is impossible to erase or dissolve or bleach or scrape off without leaving evidence of its removal that would be detectable in a forensic laboratory, and so that all existing stamp ink must be left as it is found.  However, as the forger is able to synthesize ink resembling the ink already on the card, he is able to add this new ink to the card (and possibly to advance the new ink's apparent age, as perhaps by varying temperature and humidity, exposing to various gases or electromagnetic waves, or by applying abrasion).  The basic rule that the forger follows is that he can add ink, but not remove it.

    THE FORGER'S DILEMMA THEOREM
    EXPLAINED BY MEANS OF A HYPOTHETICAL SCENARIO


    THE FORGER STARTS WITH PHOTOS ON TWO AUTHENTIC DOCUMENTS

    Demjanjuk
    Driver's License
      Juchnowskij
    Trawniki Card
         
    Forger's dilemma: Forger starts with photos on two authentic documents, Demjanjuk driver's license and Juchnowskij Trawniki ID Card

    THE FORGER UNGLUES THE PHOTOS FROM BOTH DOCUMENTS

    Demjanjuk
    Driver's License
      Juchnowskij
    Trawniki Card
         
    Forger's dilemma: Forger unglues photos from both documents, Demjanjuk driver's license and Juchnowskij Trawniki ID Card

    THE FORGER GLUES THE DEMJANJUK PHOTO TO THE TRAWNIKI CARD, THEN FACES THE FORGER'S DILEMMA

        Juchnowskij Trawniki Card with Demjanjuk photo attached   Forger completes partial stamps  
    Forger's dilemma: Forger glues Demjanjuk photo to the Trawniki ID Card, then faces the Forger's Dilemma

    The dilemma faced by the forger after he has glued the photograph to its new card is illustrated in the bottom row of the diagram above: he must either leave matters as they are, with the two stamps glaringly incomplete (as on the left just above), or must complete them knowing that his lack of skill will make his completion conspicuously inadequate (as on the right just above).  We imagine our forger resolving the dilemma by choosing the latter option.  To the discerning gaze, the alternatives are equally ineffectual: the stamp fragment that the forger places on the photo to complete the bottommost of the two stamps fails to fit the circle defined by the stamp that is already on the card; in the case of the topmost stamp, the forger despairs of creating a presentable circle, and opts instead for allowing a gap to run through the middle of the stamp, a gap between the existing stamp fragment on the photo and his added stamp fragment on the card, a gap which he hopes viewers will blame on insufficient ink on the stamping tool.  The forger counts on the viewer to assume that the stamp lines if extended would join to form a passable circle.  To add to the appearance of adequate fit: where the stamp circle on the photo approaches the upper-right corner of the photo, the forger extends it onto the card itself before letting it die away as it approaches the gap.  These stamp completions are incapable of fooling a disciplined observer, but do have a chance of fooling someone taking a quick look.

    Of course our imaginary forger's lack of skill is exaggerated in the above diagram; however, evidence presented below in Section (6) under the title DEMJANJUK PHOTO-OVERLAPPING STAMPS ARE IRREGULAR will demonstrate that the exaggeration is small.

    The ultimate result of the forger's work, then, will be a twice-stamped Trawniki photo such as the one shown on the right above, but which will arouse suspicion for two reasons: (1) its two stamps per photograph will be atypical in a world where all authentic documents in our hypothetical example — driver's licenses as well as Trawniki Cards — carry only a single stamp per photograph, and (2) both of these two stamps will exhibit irregularities.

    It must be cautioned that the above example intends only to illustrate a principle, and not to suggest that the Demjanjuk photo was lifted from a driver's license.  Rather, the driver's license serves to represent a class of documents that John Demjanjuk's persecutors view as insufficiently blameworthy to connect him to, documents linking John Demjanjuk to perhaps kitchen or laundry or clerical or motor-mechanical duties.  Neither should the above be taken to suggest that the Juchnowskij Trawniki Card is in any way involved in Demjanjuk-Card irregularities; the Juchnowskij photograph was used here because it lay at hand.  All that the above diagramming of the Forger's Dilemma Theorem should be taken to suggest is that the transfer of a photograph from one document to another may require a forger to double the number of its stamps.

    If, as seems to be the case, the addition of a second stamp on a Trawniki Card photograph is extraordinary and unprecedented — frowned upon at least, and possibly even prohibited and invalidating — and if no other explanation for an event so singular can be imagined other than the Forger's Dilemma Theorem proposed above, then the conclusion that presents itself for sympathetic consideration is that the Demjanjuk photograph was removed from some other document, and attached to Trawniki Card 1393 from which some other photograph had been removed, and that the two partial stamps thereby produced were completed by means of forgery.


    Top    CONFUSION  HOLES  BENEATH  DOUBLE  SOLVENT  IRREGULAR  AGEJEWS  RIFE  CONCLUSION 


    (5) BLEACH-THROUGH OPPOSITE THE DEMJANJUK PHOTOGRAPH WAS CREATED BY GLUE SOLVENT

    The Forger's Dilemma Theorem introduced above posits that some original photo had first to be removed from Trawniki Card 1393, possibly with the help of a glue solvent, and an examination of the card surface opposite the photograph does show a discoloration suggesting that such a solvent may indeed have been applied, and that it soaked through the card to the opposite surface, as can be seen in the two uppermost rows below on the Outside surface in the position which is mirror-image to the Demjanjuk photo, and shows that such a solvent caused not a darkening like the darkening called soak-through in FORGED AND OBLITERATED, but a bleaching of both the card surface and of ink writing on the card surface, which is why it is referred to here as a bleach-through.  As for the other three cards available in high resolution, Wolembachow in the fourth row below shows a similar bleach-through positioned mirror-image to the Wolembachow photo, and provides as well an explanation supportive of the hypothesis that it is glue solvent that is responsible: the Wolembachow photo is misaligned with the card as evidenced both in its stamp and in two round holes punched through both photo and card, which misalignment is compatible with the photo having been positioned carelessly during its final glueing.  However, for there to have been a final glueing, there may have been an earlier unglueing, and it is that earlier unglueing which might have required the application of glue solvent.

    The Juchnowskij card in the third row, in contrast, exhibits no bleach-through in the mirror-image position opposite the photograph, which is highly significant for demonstrating that bleach-through is not a necessary consequence of photo glueing, such that when bleach-through does occur, it must be inferred to have been caused by something other than glueing, and which most plausibly is solvent-assisted glue-dissolving.

    In contradiction of the line of reasoning above, document examiner Gideon Epstein, prosecution expert witness during the Jerusalem trial, testified that it was the glue itself that had penetrated the card, and not any glue solvent, which allegation, however, was gratuitous, as at that time no laboratory analysis to determine the origin of the bleach-through had been conducted.  Here is Epstein being cross-examined by Demjanjuk attorney John Gill, as published in the trial transcript, reproduced below errors and all.

    Mr. Gill:  When you originally examined the card in 1981, was the the discoloration that one sees on the oppossite sides, that is oppossite the photograph on Taph 149, was it also observable and discernable at that time?

    Mr. Epstein:  Yes it was discernable at that time.

    Mr. Gill:  And is that not a sign or an indication that the photograph was removed by use of solvents at some prior time?

    Mr. Epstein:  No not at all.  It's simply a sign that the glue had seeped through the paper fibers, which were not of a very high quality and are very porous, on to the other side of the document.  It would have nothing at all to do with whether or not solvents were used.

    Mr. Gill:  Have you ever performed any tests or are you aware of any tests wherein, if a photograph is removed by a solvent process, that a discoloration appears on the opposite side, such as on this card, and that under normal circumstances some of this discoloration seeped through to the original picture that would have been on Taph 149?

    Mr. Epstein:  I have done numerous examinations involving the substitution of photographs on passports and other identity documents.  And what you say about a solvent as far as its flourescent qualities it's certainly true and some solvents do flouresce as many inks do.  But I think it would require a chemical examination on the back of that document to determine whether the substance is in fact glue or solvent.

    Mr. Gill:  Sir, do you know whether or not that test has even been performed or requested with regard to determining whether or not that photograph was in fact removed by use of solvents, as opposed to it falling off the card?

    Mr. Epstein:  To my knowledge that test was never requested, at least to my knowledge.


    Trial Transcript, 11-May-1987, pp. 5876-5877.  All errors and irregularities are in the original.

    Of course Epstein's testimony carries no weight because he admits that it had been within his means to conduct tests to determine the origin of the bleach-through, but reports having conducted none, and because it seems implausible that the German military used a glue so penetrating and corrosive that it would soak through to the other side of a document and bleach that other side, and because it is contradicted by the Juchnowskij Trawniki Card having a photograph attached but showing no bleach-through, and by the Wolembachow Trawniki Card showing bleach-through while at the same time showing by its misaligned photo that it had been re-glued, which re-glueing is compatible with an earlier solvent-facilitated unglueing.

    The question of whether bleach-through is caused by mere glueing or by solvent-assisted glue-dissolving could be answered today even without laboratory analysis, merely by looking for visible bleach-through in high-resolution-with-color Munich Versions of all 47 of the available Trawniki Cards.  The labor involved for the Kremlin to supply such high-resolution scans could be completed by a single clerk in a single day.  The Kremlin does not explain why it offers the Munich court only four high-resolution-with-color images instead of 47.  The Kremlin's lack of forthrightness invites the speculation that the majority of these 47 high-resolution-with-color scans would exhibit no bleach-through, and which would indicate that Gideon Epstein was mistaken in his Jerusalem testimony above when he said that mere glueing produced bleach-through, and which would invite the further conclusion that any bleach-through that was observed was attributable to solvent-assisted unglueing.

    The fifth reason for suspecting that the KGB transplanted the Demjanjuk photograph to Trawniki Card 1393 from some other document, then, is that its strong bleach-through suggests that some other photograph had earlier been removed from Trawniki Card 1393 with the aid of a glue solvent among whose incidental properties were penetration and bleaching.


    LOOKING FOR BLEACH-THROUGH EVIDENCE OF GLUE SOLVENT IN THE ONLINE VERSION OF TRAWNIKI CARD 1393

    John Demjanjuk Trawniki ID Card 1393 Online version, outside surface showing bleach-through opposite the photograph DEMJANJUK Trawniki Card 1393, Online Version, Outside.  Most striking display of bleach-through in the location opposite the photograph. John Demjanjuk Trawniki ID Card 1393 Online version, inside surface DEMJANJUK Trawniki Card 1393, Online Version, Inside.

    LOOKING FOR BLEACH-THROUGH EVIDENCE OF GLUE SOLVENT IN MUNICH VERSIONS OF FOUR DIFFERENT TRAWNIKI CARDS

    John Demjanjuk Trawniki ID Card 1393 Munich version, outside surface showing striking bleach-through opposite the photograph DEMJANJUK Trawniki Card 1393, Munich Version, Outside.   The same bleach-through as was noted in the Online Version above, falling of course in the mirror-image position corresponding to the photograph.  High-resolution original of the above is available here. John Demjanjuk Trawniki ID Card 1393 Munich version, inside surface showing two dark soak-throughs opposite the white labels DEMJANJUK Trawniki Card 1393, Munich Version, Inside.   In contrast to the bleach-through on the Outside Surface, the two soak-throughs above which correspond to the two white labels on the opposite surface, are dark, as discussed in FORGED AND OBLITERATED.  High-resolution original of the above is available here.
    Juchnowskij Trawniki ID Card 847, Munich version, outside surface showing no bleach-through JUCHNOWSKIJ Trawniki Card, Munich Version, Outside.   No discoloration, whether light or dark, corresponds to the Juchnowskij photograph, which is highly significant, as it demonstrates that bleach-through does not result from merely glueing a photograph to a card.  The high-resolution Munich original of the above is available here. Juchnowskij Trawniki ID Card 847, Munich version, inside surface showing no bleach-through JUCHNOWSKIJ Trawniki Card, Munich Version, Inside.  The high-resolution Munich original of the above is available here.
    Wolembachow Trawniki ID Card 1211, Munich version, outside surface showing bleach-through opposite the photograph WOLEMBACHOW Trawniki Card, Munich Version, Outside.   Unmistakable bleach-through on the upper-right, in the mirror-image position corresponding to the photograph.  The high-resolution Munich original of the above is available here. Wolembachow Trawniki ID Card 1211, Munich version, inside surface exhibiting unmistakable signs that the photograph has been repositioned WOLEMBACHOW Trawniki Card, Munich Version, Inside.   Unmistakable signs that the photograph has been removed and repositioned, as it is strongly misaligned with both its stamp and with the two round holes that have been punched through both photo and card.  The high-resolution Munich original of the above is available here.
    BONDARENKO Trawniki Card, Munich Version, Outside   IS CURRENTLY UNAVAILABLE. Bondarenko Trawniki ID Card 1926, Munich version, inside surface, photograph missing BONDARENKO Trawniki Card, Munich Version, Inside.   As the photograph appears to have been removed, its glue may have been loosened by means of glue solvent, such that its Outside surface will be examined with interest if the Kremlin ever releases it.  The high-resolution Munich original of the above is available here.



    Top    CONFUSION  HOLES  BENEATH  DOUBLE  SOLVENT  IRREGULAR  AGEJEWS  RIFE  CONCLUSION 


    (6) DEMJANJUK PHOTO-OVERLAPPING STAMPS ARE IRREGULAR

    The Forger's Dilemma Theorem implies not only the use of a glue solvent, of which we may have found evidence above in the form of bleach-through, but implies also stamp forging to fill in incomplete stamps, in verification of which it behooves us to search for irregularity within the two stamps overlying the Demjanjuk photograph.

    But if we are to recognize irregularity, it is helpful to first acquaint ourselves with what regularity looks like, as for example in the stamp below, taken from the Outside of Trawniki Card 1393, in which a white circle has been neatly fitted into the stamp perimeter.  The pair of concentric black circles of lesser diameter (the inner of the pair being very thin) are printed on the Trawniki Card as a target at which the stamp-tool-handler aims his stamp-tool (prompted by the printed "Dienstsiegel" meaning "Stamp"), his hitting slightly off center signifying nothing.

    It is within the means of most readers of this essay to confirm the precise fit below.  The high-definition-with-color Munich Version of Trawniki Card 1393 can be downloaded here.  Microsoft Paint comes pre-installed with all Microsoft operating systems, whose ellipse tool can be used to draw a circle, with care being taken to ensure that the height and width measurements showing at the bottom of the screen are equal, which guarantees that what is being drawn is indeed a circle.  A reader with a rudimentary acquaintance with Paint, or with equivalent graphics software, might be able to complete such a verification within minutes.  And a similar easy verification is possible for similar demonstrations described further below.  And nothing prevents the reader from moving beyond verifying the investigations of others to conducting investigations of his own imagining.  Unfamiliarity with Paint and other graphics software may initially cause frustration, but which can be overcome by practice.

    Stamp-imprint on John Demjanjuk Trawniki ID Card 1393 outside surface and showing a regular or reasonable fit of a white circle to the stamp perimeter

    We direct our attention below to the bottommost of the two stamps that overlap the Demjanjuk photo, with the question in mind of whether this photograph-overlying stamp is as regular as the one we examined just above.  The answer arrives as soon as we fit another white circle, but this time to only that part of the stamp that lies on the card itself, excluding from consideration that part which lies on the photo.  As we follow this circle clockwise (CW), starting from around the arrow labelled "c" — which we will designate here as [c] — we see that soon after entering the photograph, between [a] and [b], the stamp curve soars high above the white circle.  We count this immoderate departure of the stamp line from the perfect-circle-white-line as the first instance of the irregularity that the Forger's Dilemma Theorem led us to be on the lookout for.

    BOTTOMMOST PHOTO-OVERLAPPING STAMP ON TRAWNIKI CARD 1393 Lower-left stamp-imprint overlapping photo on John Demjanjuk Trawniki ID Card 1393 Munich version, with superimposed white circle demonstrating fit failure


    Heightened-contrast detail from lower-left stamp-imprint overlapping photo on John Demjanjuk Trawniki ID Card 1393 Munich version, revealing two lines lying side by side
    Detail from the bottom-left stamp of Trawniki Card 1393 in an image of 304x441 pixels which is forced to display at double width and double height, namely 608x882 pixels, and also with heightened contrast, reveals that what casual inspection of the card might conclude was an unimportant and uninteresting line thickening or irregularity is in reality two drawn lines lying side by side because they have failed to meet in a regular circle, and which could not have been produced by the act of rubber-stamping.

    Note also, in the image above, where the portion of the stamp-perimeter that lies on the card diverges most from the perfect white circle — that greatest divergence can be found to the left of the F in Familienname, from which point that greatest divergence proceeds CW for perhaps some 40 degrees.

    Removing the white circle, as in the image opposite, and increasing display size as well as contrast, we discover that the white circle has been obscuring another indication of forgery — the indication that to the left of that F, the stamp-perimeter consists of two arcs approaching each other from opposite directions, and failing to meet, and leaving a gap between them, something that could not have happened from the normal application of ink from a normal stamp tool, and so must have been created by a forger working with something like a compass, who as he worked inadvertently altered either the radius of his compass or the circle-center in which the compass was anchored, and for some such reason failed to get his two arcs to connect when they met.

    Any court aspiring to Western standards of justice should comprehend that such a significant detail as this by itself justifies concluding that Trawniki Card 1393 has been doctored and therefore must be excluded from the evidence.  And given that this significant detail does not stand alone, but rather is only one of a large accumulation of card-invalidating details, then the obligation to exclude becomes overwhelming, and if ignored will plunge the administration of German justice into disrepute.

    And below we next turn our attention to the topmost of the two stamps overlapping the Demjanjuk photo.  As this topmost stamp has been identified during earlier Demjanjuk trials as being created by the same stamping tool as was the bottommost stamp, and as however much of the visible stamp text is common to the two stamps seems identical, a white circle of the same diameter as had been fitted to the bottommost stamp was also fitted to that portion of the topmost stamp lying to the right on the card at [d]-[e]-[f], and with similar results: as the white circle, starting from [f] and moving counterclockwise (CCW), approaches the Demjanjuk photo, it misses by a wide margin the curve of the stamp [g] which juts out from the upper-right corner [h] of the photo.  Furthermore, the increased thickness of the stamp line just inside the upper-right corner on the photo at [i] seems to result from two stamp lines approaching each other from opposite directions, and failing to meet collinearly, and producing a line of double thickness before they can be bent into an appearance of rough collinearity.  We have already seen in the Forger's Dilemma Theorem diagram above that the curve [g] originating in this double-thick region [i] and shooting out of the upper-right corner [h] of the photo could have resulted from the forger attempting to aim the CW movement of his [g] curve more downward toward where it needed to go to connect with the card portion of the stamp at [f].  We count this marked deviation from collinearity [g] near the top of the white circle as the second instance of the irregularity that the Forger's Dilemma Theorem led us to watch for.

    Notice too that if, in an attempt to get a better over-all fit, the photograph were repositioned, the collinearity presently being enjoyed at [h] would be lost — not only the collinearity of the stamp's perimeter line, but also of the printed matter [j] belonging to the stamp just inside the perimeter line.  The Jerusalem testimony of prosecution expert witness Gideon Epstein quoted above, to the effect that, thanks to loose glueing of the photograph, he had been "able to correctly allign the seal so that there was exact allignment" must be considered to be incorrect.  Epstein never demonstrated to the court his ability to achieve such "exact alignment", which demonstration would not have necessitated his unglueing the photo from the card, as he could have performed it using separate reproductions of card and photo; Epstein merely alleged that he could achieve "exact alignment".  Examination of Trawniki Card 1393 reveals that any repositioning to achieve tighter alignment at one location produces more glaring misalignment at other locations.

    Stamp-imprints on-photo refusing to align with stamp-imprints on-card is discussed in greater detail at LARRY STEWART'S COUNTERCLOCKWISE SOLUTION.

    TOPMOST PHOTO-OVERLAPPING STAMP ON TRAWNIKI CARD 1393 Upper-right stamp-imprint overlapping photo on John Demjanjuk Trawniki ID Card 1393 Munich version, revealing numerous details indicative of forgery

    A third irregularity indicative of forgery appears in the stamp lettering which falls within the border of the stamp perimeter, visible in the above image just inside the white circle at [j].  What it is supposed to say along the top is SS Standortverwaltung Lublin where Standortverwaltung in German army lexicon signifies the unit responsible for providing housing and equipment in an administrative district, in this case Lublin.  (Along the bottom of the stamp is inscribed Zweigstelle Trawniki, meaning "Branch office, Trawniki".)  Of particular interest are the characters ltung from the tail end of Standortverwaltung, some of which can be seen stamped on the card just to the right of the photo at [j] — first the base of the "l" emerging from underneath the photo, followed by a clear "tu"; as for the terminal letters "ng" that should come next, if they are visible at all, it is barely, and the majority of viewers would probably deny their visibility altogether.  What is wrong with the clearly-visible "ltu" is that it occurs too close to the photograph.  The card right next to the photograph is protected from tight contact with the stamping tool by the thickness of the photograph blocking the stamping tool's downward motion.  The area right next to the photograph is often the area in which the stamp fades, or when the stamping tool carries little ink or is not pressed down hard, it is the area where the stamp disappears altogether.  Well, here we are examining just such a case where the stamp is so light that it disappears over a large area, and yet the stamp disappears in the wrong place.  What would have been credible is for the "ltu" adjacent to the photo to have been lost and the "ng" further away to have remained visible, and not the other way around.

    BOTTOMMOST STAMP
    OVERLAPPING DEMJANJUK PHOTO

    Bottommost stamp-imprint overlapping photo on John Demjanjuk Trawniki ID Card 1393 showing correlation of ink load between swastika and right-hand perimeter

    The right-hand edge of the stamp is thin, as are the words Zweigstelle Trawniki stamped just inside that edge, which thinness is suggestive of either a small ink load, or weak pressure on the stamping tool during application, or both, and yet the nearby circle-with-Swastika is adequately-inked and amply visible.

     
    TOPMOST STAMP
    OVERLAPPING DEMJANJUK PHOTO

    Topmost stamp-imprint overlapping photo on John Demjanjuk Trawniki ID Card 1393 showing lack of correlation of ink load between swastika and right-hand perimeter

    The right-hand edge of the stamp is thick, as are the words Zweigstelle Trawniki stamped just inside that edge, which thickness is suggestive of either a large ink load, or strong pressure on the stamping tool during application, or both, and yet the circle-with-Swastika expected nearby absents itself.

     

    And we end our discussion of this topmost photo-overlying stamp by noting one final incongruity apparent in its image above, and not a minor one — the incongruity that the entire middle of the stamp has been lost.  No eagle, and no circle-with-swastika underneath the eagle.  On the photo, there does perhaps appear at [k] the left wingtip of the eagle, but on the card itself, which is more absorbent of ink and which therefore typically produces darker stamps than does the photo — practically nothing.  We recognize immediately that this loss is of service to the forger because it relieves him of the need to make the stamp lines on photo and on card connect.  The forger can simply aim the lines, those from the photo and those from the card, approximately at each other, and leave it up to the viewer to assume that these lines would meet if extended through the empty space between, would meet smoothly so as to form a circle.  The question before us, then, is whether the emptiness between the left and right segments of the stamp can be credibly attributed to insufficiency either of ink or of pressure on the stamping tool?  And our answer must be that this emptiness cannot be so written off.

    Consider, for example, that in the case of this topmost stamp, the stamping tool seems to be heavily laden with ink, or to be pressed downward with force, or both, as is evidenced by the thickness of the stamp perimeter along the stamp's right-hand edge [d]-[e]-[f], and by the thickness of the stamp lettering just inside this perimeter, most apparent in the lettering of "Trawniki", these two thicknesses, of perimeter circle and of lettering, being noticeably greater than any thickness within the bottommost stamp, as can be observed in a comparison of the two high-resolution images above, and as can be more readily confirmed in the smaller images opposite.  But if it is the topmost stamping tool that is the more heavily inked and the more firmly pressed, then how does it happen that its circle-with-swastika is the one that vanishes?

    In perhaps half a dozen of the total of 44 pdf images of the photograph areas of Trawniki Cards that are arrayed above, the pdf reproduction is either so bright, or so dark, as to show the outline of a stamp and yet show no eagle-with-swastika, but these half-dozen instances differ from Trawniki Card 1393 in that it alone of such cases of disappeared eagle-with-swastika can be examined in a high-resolution-with-color Munich Version which permits detection of even faint stamp details, and it alone displays the incongruity of significant parts of the stamp appearing heavily laden with ink and applied with adequate pressure while adjacent parts have entirely disappeared.

    It seems reasonable, therefore, to count the disappearance of eagle-plus-swastika in the uppermost of the two stamps overlapping the Demjanjuk photo as a fourth irregularity of the sort that the Forger's Dilemma Theorem led us to expect.



    Top    CONFUSION  HOLES  BENEATH  DOUBLE  SOLVENT  IRREGULAR  AGEJEWS  RIFE  CONCLUSION 


    (7) DEMJANJUK 1393 PARALLELS AGEJEWS 1653

    What three characteristics do Trawniki Cards Demjanjuk 1393 and Agejews 1653 have in common?

    Squiggle on photograph on John Demjanjuk Trawniki ID Card 1393   First, the two cards share the same squiggle along the top of their respective photos.  On the left is the squiggle from Demjanjuk 1393, and along the top of the photo below can be seen the same squiggle from Agejews 1653.


    Squiggle on photograph on Agejews Trawniki ID Card 1653

    Second, we have already seen that the Demjanjuk 1393 photo has two holes arranged vertically to the right of the face, and we see above that the Agejews 1653 photo has two dots similarly arranged.  However, the separation between the Agejews dots is greater, so that if they are staple holes, they were not made by the same stapler.  But if these dots are merely holes in the Agejews photo, then they seem surprisingly dark, so it might be reasonable to wonder whether they contain purple ink just as the holes in the Demjanjuk photo originally did.  And if the Agejews spots are indeed holes, maybe they weren't made by a stapler at all, and maybe the Demjanjuk holes weren't either, so maybe the two sets of holes were produced in some way that we haven't imagined yet, but would like the Kremlin to explain to the Munich court.

    Third, the Agejew 1653 photo appears to overlap Bazilevskaya writing, its lower-right corner covering the top of her capital "A", and taking a slice off the curved top of her second character as well, from which can be inferred that the photo was glued after Bazilevskaya wrote on the card in 1948, which means that the KGB did the glueing.  And so this is the third similarity between the two cards, as we have reason to believe that the KGB also glued the Demjanjuk photo to Card 1393.

    That the Agejews photo also overlaps a typewritten capital "L", though, likely lacks significance — perhaps the German typists found a Trawniki card with glued photo too thick and stiff to force through their typewriters, and so preferred to get their typing done before the photo was attached.

    What does this triplet of coincidences mean?  Again we are put in the position of guessing meaning from fragmentary data when the Kremlin knows the meaning and has an obligation to come forward and explain it to the Munich court.  In the absence of Kremlin explanation, the public will be free to speculate that the KGB used the squiggles to identify photos slated to be attached to cards, and that making a pair of vertical holes in photos was somehow part of this process, and so that the KGB having glued the Agejews photo to the 1653 Card makes it more likely that it also glued the Demjanjuk photo to the 1393 Card.  These questions could be clarified by the Kremlin supplying high-resolution-with-color scans of the Agejews 1653 card, and other questions could be clarified by the Kremlin supplying similar high-resolution-with-color scans of all 44 of the Trawniki Cards currently viewable only in pdf format, and more thorough clarification could be attained by the Kremlin offering the Agejews card for laboratory examination, as for example to see if the photo has holes, and if there are holes to see also if they are plugged with purple ink.  Even greater clarification could be achieved by the Kremlin releasing for laboratory examination as many of the 48 Trawniki cards as the defense requests.  The Kremlin is on trial for document forgery — among other things — and would gain credibility if it expressed agreement with the proposition that full disclosure was conducive to a just determination of guilt or innocence.


    Top    CONFUSION  HOLES  BENEATH  DOUBLE  SOLVENT  IRREGULAR  AGEJEWS  RIFE  CONCLUSION 


    (8) JUCHNOWSKIJ 847 DEMONSTRATES THAT THE TRAWNIKI CARDS ARE RIFE WITH EVIDENCE OF FORGERY

    To the reader who doubts that Kremlin forgers are capable of such primitive and self-defeating stratagems as are described above, let him recollect that the Kremlin weeps over the loss of empire, the most valued part of which had been Ukraine, and works relentlessly to regain what it has lost, in which labor disgusting Europe with Ukraine is an effective way to block Ukrainian integration into Europe.  The almost daily projection over decades of the image of Ukrainians as demented sadists who out-Nazied the Nazis has served this purpose, and one might fear has achieved its goal.  The Kremlin does not view a little forgery as too high a price to pay for re-acquiring empire.  And although this Kremlin motive for defaming Ukraine is so overpowering as to seem incapable of reinforcement, reinforced it nevertheless is by the Kremlin's further motive of accusing others of collaborating with Hitler, when that accusation sticks most convincingly to the Kremlin itself.

    And let such a doubting reader recollect also that a totalitarian system of government is hallmarked by incompetence in every department, and furthermore that the Kremlin assumes that its forgeries will be presented only in show trials before kangaroo courts, and against ageing blue-collar workers rapidly depleted of resources to defend themselves, and in countries whose language neither the defendant nor his handful of supporters understands, and under the watch of a press sympathetic to the prosecution.

    The Juchnowskij photo-overlying stamp

    And let such a doubting reader also gaze disinterestedly upon the documents offered by the Kremlin and see if he can find a description more apt than "primitive forgeries", not permitting his inspection to overlook such outstanding instances as the one below from Juchnowskij Trawniki Card 847, particularly within the stamp portion that overlaps the Juchnowskij photo where the forger's stamp-curve can be seen to enter the photo surface at two points:
    1. travelling CW, the stamp-curve enters the left edge of the photo and when it arrives at the bottom edge, simply stops, failing to connect with anything beyond, and

    2. travelling CCW, the stamp-curve enters the bottom edge of the photo, and as it nears the left edge of the photo, veers spasmodically upward before making a futile attempt to connect with the card-borne stamp lying left of the photo.

    The two arcs entering the photo from opposite directions simply miss each other entirely, lying parallel to each other, clearly two independent lines.

    Stamp-imprint overlapping photograph on Juchnowskij Trawniki ID Card 847 and exhibiting wild gyrations indicative of forgery

    Fitting a white circle to the portion of the stamp-imprint lying on the card itself serves to show how wildly the stamp-imprint lying on the photo deviates from expectation.  If this is not Kremlin-quality forgery, then what is it?

    Stamp-imprint overlapping photograph on Juchnowskij Trawniki ID Card 847 and with fitted white circle emphasizing wild gyrations indicative of forgery

    Juchnowskij Card 847 does not fit the Forger's Dilemma Theorem — there is no second stamp on the photo, and no bleach-through to the opposite surface of the card.  What explanation does fit the card is unclear, the imaginable alternatives being numerous.  However, the information which points to the correct explanation is inaccessible to the defense, it is in the hands of the Kremlin, and it is not the obligation of the defense to guess the explanation from the scraps of data the Kremlin condescends to release, it is the obligation of the Kremlin to disclose the explanation on the basis of its possession of the totality of the relevant data.  Kremlin representatives would gain credibility by coming forward to explain the many mysteries surrounding the Trawniki Cards, including the mystery of this Juchnowskij-stamp pattern that does not seem producible by the simple application of a rubber stamp, but does seem producible by a bungling forger.


    Juchnowskij appears to be wearing a woman's outfit

    And perhaps the Juchnowski 847 Card displays a second demonstration of forgery, just about as glaring as the first.

    Generally, the uniforms that Trawniki men might have ever worn would have been Axis or Soviet, and all of these buttoned their left flaps overtop of their right flaps.

    Hitler buttons left flap of military uniform on top   Mussolini buttons left flap of military uniform on top   Hirohito buttons left flap of military uniform on top   Stalin buttons left flap of military uniform on top
    Axis forces — German, Italian, Japanese (and also Romanian, Bulgarian, Finnish) — all buttoned their left flaps on top.   Soviet forces also buttoned their left flaps on top.


    Russian ladies button right flap of military uniform on top   Hitler Youth girl buttons right flap of military uniform on top
    But ladies prefer the opposite, as exemplified in this newly-introduced Russian uniform.   And as exemplified further in this Hitler Youth poster.

    Narrowing attention to Trawniki cards, Demjanjuk and Wolembachow can be seen to have also buttoned their left flaps on top.  The quality of the 44 pdf images is so poor that it is impossible to see flaps in them, with perhaps a single exception — that of Sajnakow — who appears to also conform to the rule of buttoning his left flap on top.

    John Demjanjuk buttoned left flap of military uniform on top
    Demjanjuk 1393 buttoned his left flap on top.
      Wolembachow buttoned left flap of military uniform on top
    Wolembachow 1211 buttoned his left flap on top.
      Sajnakow buttoned left flap of military uniform on top
    Sajnakow 2633 buttoned his left flap on top.


    But Juchnowskij buttoned right flap of military uniform on top, just like a lady
    But  Juchnowskij 847  gives the appearance of being dressed in an outfit which buttons right flap on top.

     

    But when we finally arrive at Juchnowskij Card 847 we are astonished to discover that his photo shows him buttoning his right flap on top.  One interpretation of this seeming impossibility is that the creator of this photograph inserted the negative into his enlarger with the emulsion side upward, an error which reverses left-right on the print.  However, this explanation requires further work, as an upside-down negative would have reversed the Dienstausweis number left-right as well (the number 847, the 8 presumably having vanished because of glare), and yet the visible 47 is not left-right reversed.  How to extricate from this quandary?

    Perhaps the Dienstausweis number tag was placed not on the uniform worn by a real person, but on a photograph-lying-on-a-table, and then the two were photographed together, and the resulting final photograph is what was attached to a Trawniki Card.  In this way, the earlier photograph-lying-on-a-table could have gotten left-right reversed, and yet the Dienstausweis number placed on top of it would appear normal.

    One can even see how a Kremlin-darkroom employee could have been lured into this blunder: peering at the negative, he could have mistaken as the left-flap edge what was in reality only a fold moving upward to the neckline where collars meet, and he could have deliberately flipped the negative into the incorrect emulsion-side-up orientation so as to get this fold to lie in the eleven o'clock position, which is the way we see it now.

    This is not to propose that every Dienstausweis number was photographed sitting atop a photograph-lying-on-a-table — many or most of the Dienstausweis numbers might have been photographed resting on real uniforms worn by real people.  The Wolembachow number 1211 visible above, for example, appears to be wedged in place behind a button, which suggests that it really was resting on Wolembachow's chest when it was photographed.  However, Wolembachow is the sole instance of a Dienstausweis number displaying its physical support; in every other case, no means of support is evident, as for example no pin and no thread.  And in any case, the Wolembachow card in reality falls short of proving that its Dienstausweis number tag is wedged behind a button on Wolembachow's chest — the forger could have placed a loose button on top of the photograph-lying-on-a-table, partly-overlapping the Dienstausweis number tag itself.

    In any case, the Dienstausweis number 847 tag failing to slide downward off Juchnowskij's chest seems unaccountable: the base of the white paper shows no support being offered by button or seam or crease or wrinkle.  The Dienstausweis number tag more plausibly rests on top of a Juchnowskij photograph-lying-on-a-table.

    Juchnowskij seeming to cross-dress, therefore, contributes further to undermining the credibility of the Trawniki Card 1393 photograph by inviting the conjecture that if the Kremlin added a Dienstausweis number tag to a Juchnowskij photograph-lying-on-a table, then it may similarly have added a Dienstausweis number tag to a Demjanjuk photograph-lying-on-a-table.  In other words, the mere existence of a photograph of someone with a Dienstausweis number across his chest does not necessarily mean that that someone actually posed in front of a photographer with such a number tag across his chest.

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    CONCLUSION

    Evidence presented in the earlier paper FORGED AND OBLITERATED proposed not merely that the authenticity of the Demjanjuk signature on Trawniki Card 1393 could be doubted, but rather that the Kremlin forgery and obliteration of that signature could not be doubted.

    The present paper WHO GLUED similarly proposes not merely that the attachment of the Demjanjuk photograph to the Trawniki Card by the German military during WWII can be doubted, but proposes rather that the attachment of the photograph to the card by the KGB cannot be doubted, and proposes further that the Kremlin allowing Western investigators free access to its cache of Trawniki Cards would have the effect of acquitting an innocent Kremlin of charges of forgery, or of convicting a guilty Kremlin.

    The focus of the Munich trial is shifting from what John Demjanjuk can be imagined to be guilty of to what the John Demjanjuk persecutors can be proven to be guilty of.


    HOME  DEMJANJUK  BLURB  FORGED  GLUED  LETTER  PATTERNS  DECLARATION          SEE ALSO  Vladimir Putin: You must allow the BKA to examine the Trawniki ID card  Letter 16-Dec-2004